Currency Economy

Oil Prices Weak as U.S. Marks up Production 

Commodities (Mar 10, 2021 01:22PM ET)14Oil Prices Weak as U.S. Marks up Production 

© Reuters.

By Liz Moyer and Barani Krishnan — Oil prices were weak for a third straight day on Wednesday as government data indicated output recovering faster than refining after last month’s storm-related outages in Texas, the epicenter of U.S. energy production.

New York-traded West Texas Intermediate, the benchmark for U.S. crude, traded at $63.74 per barrel by 1:08 PM ET (18:08 GMT), down 27 cents, or 0.4%. It hit a session low of $63.14 after the release of the weekly petroleum supply-demand report by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). 

London-traded Brent, the global benchmark for crude, was at $67.28, down 24 cents, or also 0.4%. Brent’s session low was $66.52.

The EIA estimated U.S. crude production at 10.9 million barrels per day for the week ended March 5, up from 10 million bpd estimated for the week ended Feb. 26. 

The agency also revised upwards refining activity to 69% of capacity at the end of last week, versus the previous week’s record low of 56%.

But the production estimate seemed to grab the market’s attention more, helped by another outsized build in crude stockpiles that came after the previous week’s monster pile-up in crude inventories caused by the mid-February Texas storm.

Crude inventories rose 13.798 million barrels last week, compared with analysts’ expectations for a build of 816,000. The prior week’s build was 21.5 million barrels, even higher than the 19.2 million-barrel increase seen during the week to April 10, 2020, when demand for oil cratered amid the COVID-19 outbreak.

“The production number is important because when you take the additional 900,000 barrels per day in the EIA’s mark-up and multiply that over the seven days of the week, you get another 6.3 million barrels in theory,” said John Kilduff, partner at New York energy hedge fund Again Capital.

“Put that higher production estimate next to the crude build itself that came in at 13 million barrels more than thought, and you’re certainly going to get some raised eyebrows. But to be fair to the EIA, they also reported bigger drawdowns than anticipated in fuel. That’s what’s helping to limit the market’s downside.” 

The EIA said gasoline inventories fell 11.869 million barrels last week the EIA said, compared with expectations for a 3.47 million-barrel draw.

Distillate stockpiles, which include diesel and heating oil,  fell 5.5 million barrels against expectations for a draw of 3.53 million barrels, the EIA data showed.

The sharper-than-expected fuel drawdowns came after refinery crude runs rose 2.4 million barrels last week. The weekly refinery utilization improved by 13%, going from 56% of operable capacity to 69%. 

Typically known for its sweltering weather most of the year, Texas initially looked like a white blanket after the Arctic blast that hit on Feb. 17.

While the “Lone Star State” is known for maintaining temperatures of between 60°F (15.6°C) and 70°F (21.1°C), the deep-freeze that enveloped Texas after this year’s winter storms was so bad that oil and gas couldn’t flow like normal in several of its key production basins.

“Infrastructure in Texas, such as wellheads, gathering lines, and processing facilities, are more susceptible to the effects of extremely cold weather,” the EIA said in its Short Term Energy Outlook report for March, released Tuesday.

Following repairs to the Texas infrastructure and resumption of normal weather, U.S. production for March was expected to return to 11 million bpd, the agency added in the STEO report. Oil Prices Weak as U.S. Marks up Production 14Comments (14)

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